Sinus Infection: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis

Sinusitis in general terms is defined as the swelling or inflammation of the sinuses. The sinuses are small and narrow cavities or spaces that are filled with air just above the eyebrows and behind the face bones. They generate mucus which cleans the bacteria. 
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About 90 percent of people are attacked by this condition atleast once in their lifetime. In most of the cases Sinusitis is caused by infections. Virus, bacteria and streptococcus bacteria are the common reasons for causing  sinus infections. This disease or condition can be treated by taking medication and by increasing body immunity recurrences can also be prevented. Sinusitis can occur in any season but in some countries it is more observed in winter and rainy seasons.    It is also associated with cold. It can occur in people of any age. There are commonly 3 types of sinusitis.
Accute- can stay there upto 7 days to a maximum of 4 weeks
Sub Accute-  lasts upto 4 to 8 weeks
Chronic-  a long term sinus infection that lasts upto 8 to 10 weeks

The studies have found that this health condition is one of the most common health conditions that leads to surgeries.
There are primarily four types of sinus.
1. Frontal
2. Ethmoidal
3. Maxillary
4. Sphenoidal

The possible causes of Sinusitis

1. Infections from virus, bacteria and fungus
2. Lungs and other respiratory diseases
3. Infections and wounds in the nose
4. Allergies
5. Smoke
6. Pollution
7. Sudden changes in climatic or weather conditions
8. Excess moisture in the air
9. Swimming
10. Cold and throat pain
11. Decayed tooth and other dental infections
12. Tonsils
13. Suppressed immune system

The common symptoms of sinusitis
The symptoms of sinusitis may be different in each individual, it depends on the age and other factors.

If any of the following symptoms are observed frequently or if they last upto 10 days a medical check up is advised.

1. Facial pain ( pain observed in the face, or somekind of discomfort )
2. Headaches.
3. Nose block
4. Thick yellow, green fluids from nose
5. Fever
6. Bad smell from mouth
7. Tooth decay

Diagnosing sinusitis
A medical expert can diagnose this health condition and give appropriate medicine
1. X- Rays
2. By physically analyzing the parts that show the symptoms
3. CT- Scans

1 comments

  1. my husband is diagnosed with chronic sinusitis. the symptoms of sinusitis shouldn't be left untreated. early medication and precautions are key to get relief from sinus infections

    ReplyDelete

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